How to treat a nail fungus. List of medicines

How to treat a nail fungus. List of medicines

Nail fungus (Onychomycosis) is an unpleasant disease that develops for several months and even years, it can lead for losing of the nail plate and infection of the skin around.

Fungus affects on:

  • appearance of nails;
  • the immune system;
  • metabolism;
  • health status.
Lots of people live with a fungus for years and do not associate a poor state of health with the appearance of the nail plate.

How to get infected?

Infect the nail fungus can:

  • in the manicure room;
  • in the pool;
  • on the beach;
  • on a visit;
  • in the office of a cosmetologist;
  • in the spa;
  • at home.
Spores of fungus can be found on common objects, so if someone in the family suffers from onychomycosis, they need to treat the whole family for preventive purposes.

The home method of determining the nail fungus: Tap on the nail of hydrogen peroxide, if you see a reaction in the form of bubbles, then it will be better for you to check the skin or fingernail from the doctor.

How does the fungus manifest?

At the first stage of infection, the fungus of the nails and skin is manifested:

  • itching;
  • burning;
  • changes in the appearance of the nail plate (structure, color);
  • an unpleasant smell.
If you do not start to treat the fungus in time, it will spread to the skin.

Types of fungus

Yeast fungus- is due to the causative agent Candida.

At the first stage on the nail plate appear:

  • bumps;
  • outgrowths;
  • yellow spots.

In the absence of treatment, the bed on nail plate begins to peel off. Then the nail plate becomes dark brown. The plate can peel off.

Dermatophyte- fungus, provoked by pathogens: Trichophyton spp., Microsporum spp. and Epidermophyton spp. It accumulates under the nails and provokes yellowing and flaking of the plate. If the fungus is not treated, surgery may be required.

Moldy fungus - infecting with this kind of fungus, the affected nail plate becomes brown, and the infection can be local, and not spread to the entire nail. The nail plate is covered with bumps and spots.

When the first signs and suspicions of onychomycosis appear, it is recommended not to practice self-treatment, you need to consult a dermatologist.


Depending on the type of fungus the doctor prescribes treatment:

  • external (ointments, lacquer, cream);
  • internal (tablets);
  • combined.
Buy drugs to treat the fungus can be in the pharmacies chain stores "Ruble Boom" and

At the first stage, the doctor will prescribe an antimicrobial agent. If the fungus in the initial stage - externally, and if the treatment is very neglected - inside. The minus of such treatment is the high toxicity of the drugs. Some of them settle in the liver and are not taken out immediately.

In the treatment of antimicrobial agents, treatment should not be discontinued as soon as an improvement occurs. External funds continue to be used until the doctor allows you to stop treatment. As higher the dryness of the skin (affected areas), as fatter the preparation should be.

In time of treating fungus, doctors recommend not to use them simultaneously with antibiotics, which provoke fungal growth and weakening of immunity.
Before applying an ointment or cream, it is necessary to treat the foot with an antibacterial standard.

Preparations of external application

Azols - this group of drugs effectively fights against the fungus on the legs (the drug is applied to the affected area).

Azoles include preparations with active substances:

  • sertocanazole;
  • bifonazole;
  • ketoconazole;
  • oxyconazole.

If you want to buy an antifungal agent in the pharmacy "Ruble Boom" and, you should consult a doctor who will help you choose the medicine with the optimal composition.

Alylamines- drugs on the basis of this group are treated:

  • nails;
  • skin;
  • hair.

This group includes preparations based on active substances:
  • terbinafine;
  • naphthyfin.

The doctor may prescribe medication inside or outside.

Antifungal varnishes for nails

In the early stages, the fungus can be treated locally with the help of special lacquers, which are sold
in pharmacies"Ruble Boom" and

The principle of the nail polish:

  1. Soften the plate.
  2. Introduce an antifungal agent into the nail.
  3. This procedure will effectively eliminate the fungus.

There are many types of antifungal varnish.
Active substances in their composition:

  • steam;
  • amorolfine;
  • cyclopyroxolamine;
  • hydroxyethyl cellulose;
  • dimethyl isosorbide, etc.

In time of using nail polish, it is recommended not to use another remedy for treatment at the same time. It can neutralize the effect of lacquer.
Also, in time of using varnish for the treatment of fungus, it is recommended to use disposable instruments. Apply varnish at least once a week.

Contraindications to the use of lacquer:

  • pregnancy;
  • lactation;
  • individual intolerance;
  • childhood.

With caution apply lacquer in violation of blood circulation.

Antifungal antibiotics

Antifungal antibiotics are used in extreme cases, if local treatment is not effective.

The doctor can prescribe drugs with active substances:

  • ketoconazole;
  • itraconazole;
  • terbinafine;
  • griseofulvin.

Self-medication with antibiotics is not welcome, it fraught with complications. Therefore, when buying drugs in pharmacies chain stores"Ruble Boom" and need to produce a prescription.

To protect against onychomycosis it is necessary:

  • to stop walking barefoot;
  • do not wear someone else's shoes;
  • Measure shoes in the store in one-off tracks;
  • follow that your feet are dry;
  • if possible, wear socks made from natural fabrics;
  • wear rubber shoes in swimming pools;
  • take with yourself rubber shoes for the shower in the gym.

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